Covid-19 pandemic: “RESILIENCE” AND “NEW EQUILIBRIUM” THE HIGHER EDUCATION?

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Covid-19 pandemic:

“RESILIENCE” AND “NEW EQUILIBRIUM”

THE HIGHER EDUCATION?

Dr. Gleb Tsipursky provides an alternative to dealing with the Pandemic in his book Resilience: Adapt and Plan for the New Abnormal of the COVID-19 Coronavirus Pandemic, 8 May 2020. He outlines research-based strategies on how organizations – whether government, business, non-profit organizations, and individuals and households can adapt effectively to the New Abnormal and similar disasters. He demonstrates how to develop effective strategic plans and make the best big decisions in the context of the uncertainty and ambiguity posed by the Covid-19 Pandemic and other large-scale disasters. He recommends government organizations, businesses, nonprofits, and high-stakes individuals and households to get out of the current situation. An investment to create a survival strategy until the pandemic ends.

Gleb Tsipursky is a behavioral economist and cognitive neuroscientist, with expertise in recognizing the blind spots – cognitive biases – that lead us to misunderstand reality and make fatal mistakes in decision making. What he expressed was related to the behavior of organizations and leaders during the Pandemic period, which has been and is being addressed by the world of higher education as well. Does it reflect Gleb’s thinking? Let’s see.

Dr. H. Asep Effendi, SE., M.Si., PIA., CFrA., CRBC

The Rector of Sangga Buana University (USB)

Komunita: The pandemic is entering its second year, while private universities are prepared to provide face-to-face (offline) education. Of course, it’s a tough challenge to be able to maintain the learning process?

Dr. H. Asep Effendi: If we talk about policies regarding education management in higher education, I think it is the same as other campuses in a platform to keep this Pandemic from spreading everywhere and taking many victims. With health protocols and other policies, learning is online or based on an independent campus. However, I have 2 main things in this situation. First, educational normative should have started to redesign how the system of assessment and assessment of success. If our learning system is already in 2 (two) years or the second year. Initially, the same as other universities experienced a severe shock, when lecturers were forced to change learning from conventional to having to switch to an IT system or become an online lecture. It is not easy to educate them, especially because of the relatively old age factor (our lecturers need their knowledge and experience). It’s a homework in itself. At that time, we prepared 2 training sessions for lecturers who did not understand information technology (IT). Even our policy provides the easiest for them, the important thing is that learning continues.

There are changes that occur: 1) a shift in investment from physical buildings to information technology (infrastructure side) to support learning; 2) the HR side has shifted from conventional to IT systems, this also requires investment financing; 3) prepare all curricula and learning systems that are supported by the IT system.

Second is governance. There are 6 points of extraordinary change in university governance in the pandemic era. One, Universities are no longer the main destination, especially in terms of buildings, but all students will become people who are focused and focused on IT. IT support is central. So the first reinvestment changed. Foundations have to open their minds, can’t maintain a good building if IT doesn’t support it. This means that the building is not worth anything when it is not able to carry out learning that is fully supported by IT. So the university’s operational budget shifted.

Two from the HR side, there are lecturers and administrative staff. Lecturers are normatively obligated to enter the slot and must be ready. Now the support of education staff, all learning movements that must be supported by human resources who use IT. So we also have to train them, educate them, and at the same time have to start selectively which jobs remain conventional or in IT. But the totality is IT. In my opinion, in the future, graduates of both management, accounting, information systems, everything must be based on IT. Because based on it is accepted by the company. If he is good at accounting but IT is weak, he will not be accepted. So all majors’ / study programs must apply the IT System, at least the material is integrated in IT, the knowledge is entered. Some people say IT is just a tool, that’s true, but these tools have become significant. When people are asked about the accounting process, do they memorize it or not? How to journal he memorized? But once brought to IT, he did not understand. So we have orientation for lecturers, employees, and students.

Third, work system governance. It is no longer possible to survive conventionally, because they are used to being online. There are indeed offline talks and so on, but in their minds they are used to zoom meetings. In the future, people will be lazy to meet on campus. Automatically in organizational governance there is a shift. Then there are indicators of assessment of structural performance, lecturers, employees who must be IT-based. Currently working on a staffing system. So later lecturers and employees can see what section and job description. Leaders and the Foundation will monitor this and later will bring up performance measures. That’s in terms of communication and work coordination.

Fourth, it must make a comprehensive assessment format related to the learning carried out. Because we know conventional learning and IT are not the same. For example, when we give assignments, students can get the same answer. This cannot be allowed. We can’t just let them pass. Science is science, quality is quality. It can’t be said that the era is like this, the important copy-paste students they collect. Measuring performance is only a part of the quality of education that we want to produce.

Fifth, reaffirming existing infrastructure governance. Sixth, Foundations and Higher Education Leaders think as entrepreneurs. Because there is idle infrastructure, we have to think about what this campus will do if tomorrow or the day after tomorrow it can’t be implemented again. Bandung is on lockdown. September starts a new school still in lockdown, maybe next semester will still be in lockdown. So the last option, let’s think entrepreneur. Leaders of Universities and Foundations should think like that. In an era when other people no longer need a large building, no need for a large or grand office. We are currently planning the engineering of a room that other people can use later. How to do it? We are discussing this with the Foundation. In the future, a studio will be formed in the form of a studio designed to be a place for people who need a room for seminars, classrooms, etc.

The 6 points above we designed to deal with the Covid-19 pandemic. Our principle is the pandemic does not stop creativity and innovation, it must continue. We have to set an example for students, not just because of the pandemic, colleges are stuck. On the sidelines of buildings that require maintenance, there must be income. I think other universities have experienced the same thing, it’s just a matter of how to map and determine the priority scale that we can prioritize or follow.

Komunita: How about in terms of learning content? Students with a strictly regulated study period?

Dr. H. Asep Effendi: First, we look at the undergraduate and Diploma programs (2 segments). In the undergraduate segment, we cannot close our eyes that basic science or basic theory must focus. So I always remind undergraduate to try not to use too much infocus-based teaching materials. If the lecturer can’t explore more deeply, the students will only be textual like the one in Infocus. Meanwhile, the books that students have to read are not touched anymore. Please lecturers use infocus, but still bring the reference book. Tell the students the points/chapters, please open them, and state what the contents.

Online learning doesn’t work that way. We are designing an independent campus curriculum concept. In the future, the UTS/UAS lecturers must also be directed. We will try to explore, not one way anymore (lecturers keep giving material). But let students be given the provision of problems and can dig deeper, open all knowledge and students’ presentations of what the analysis looks like. That’s from a learning perspective. We used to let lecturers talk 2 hours in front of the class (because there the lecturers could explore stories, experiences, etc.). But if we try to look again, it turns out that students stare at the screen for 1 hour most effectively. More than that, it’s out of focus. So in an hour, the lecturer does not need to elaborate anymore, straight to the point. And students discuss further, so that their thoughts are alive. That’s why we change the learning method.

From the assessment system, we have several components (task 1, task 2, UTS, study/analysis UAS). Task 1 and task 2 are usually the part that is explored more deeply, whether it’s a presentation or an analytical review. By involving more students, it can make students more active, not passive just waiting for material/slides from lecturers (that’s what we change in independent campus learning). During UTS and UAS, lecturers are directed not to ask questions about topics whose answers will be “uniform”. However, we talk more about cases, which give rise to theories. For example, a student tells a story about creating a market (underneath what theory is mentioned). It was different, meaning he had read. Do not let students lose basic science. When studying Master, not much knowledge shifts. In conclusion, the undergraduate is the basic fundamental of theory.

Master has been purely applied, lecturers may give assignments that have been “released” on student creativity. Everyone will be given a different challenge, so the answer will be different. The standard of assessment has not changed, but the material being assessed has changed. For example, it is not just a matter of attendance which has great value, now it is no longer, but indeed enters the time discipline assessment (still not shifting). Weaknesses in the IT world, students cannot be forced, they will come in a place that is comfortable for those without pressure. It is our responsibility as educators and to maintain the trust of students’ parents to educate and make quality students. We try our best and always fix which is the crucial point.

Second, structurally, the role of the guardian lecturer is very important. In one semester, it is scheduled to meet the students at least 2 times. There are many personal obstacles experienced by students in the learning process, so where do they channel it, while they rarely meet with lecturers, or with the Head of Study Program, etc. So we encourage the Guardian Lecturer to communicate with students. It can be through seminars, interactive dialogues, webinars, so that they are maintained (outside the learning program).

Komunita: Learning full of digital technology (online) turns out that many lecturers are not ready.

Dr. H. Asep Effendi: There are lecturers who are not comfortable with zoom, or don’t understand using zoom/google meet, etc. In the first year it was very hard, until the IT team was confused about education. However, the odd semester yesterday has decreased the difficulty level of its use. We continue to evaluate when lecturers give assignments not through e-Learning.

The IT team guides and trains lecturers in making materials, for example making Power Point slides or videos with animation, sound, etc. It’s homework, you need to be patient. If it’s still difficult but knowledge is needed, then we make a teaching team, collaborate the knowledge from the “old” ones, and the IT technical from the teaching team. We seek such assistance, hopefully there will be no significant complaints related to learning.

For students, our evaluation is even semester, 60% of students do not like online (early stage). They miss the conventional. Because they went to conventional school from the start, unlike UT. The students miss the atmosphere of the lectures. However, we always prioritize moral responsibility. If one educates, the results will be seen in the next 20-30 years.

 

Komunita: Is there a stigma due to the pandemic that makes students feel down-graded, and there is a lost generation?

Dr. H. Asep Effendi: Pandemic conditions if allowed to continue without proper handling, the mental and quality of students can deviate from the original goal. Don’t let there be the term covid graduate or covid alumni. We strive for certification, giving students something to be proud of. Indeed, I have not researched more deeply, how the effect of this online learning. In the learning process: First, we do not prohibit faculties or study programs from holding seminars on research results, practical work results are carried out offline as long as they comply with health protocols. So that there is confidence for students that the results of their research will be tested. Hopefully this method can reduce. Testing the principle provides additional education, certain values, and criticizes something. So there are several programs that we do offline, strictly implementing health protocols. This means that they experience face-to-face education, and have a good ending. I want them to be proud when they bring a diploma to apply for a job in a company for example.

Second, higher education has an interest, related to cash in. Every student entering college has high hopes. Don’t let it go beyond your expectations when you graduate. That is our effort or work to encourage lecturers and employees so that this pandemic does not degrade the quality and education process for students. At least the same, thankfully there is time efficiency but gain effectiveness in learning. If students are successful, we will be proud that we are an institution that produces quality graduates. But if students fail, then we feel ashamed as an institution that produces poor graduates. We are entrusted with building integrity.

Lost generation must be minimized so that it does not happen. How sick students will be if they are called covid graduates. We must provide education if students are called that, must be able to defend themselves by answering me online lectures, unlike conventional predecessors. It’s just a different method. In addition, the government should also have tools to control online learning. Do not let the important thing pass first, and do not generalize to all graduates as a form of natural selection. It takes seriousness from university leaders to maintain the target of human resource quality in the future, where the government has a stake in policy, namely more policies that provide freedom. That’s where the freedom that universities can use to be competitive and advantif.

Komunita: Is The pandemic triggers us to be creative, and test leadership?

Dr. H. Asep Effendi: That’s right, I agree. Learning in the era of the Covid pandemic and conventional methods is different, but the spirit is the same. If the spirit is the same, want to run wherever the initial goal will be achieved. There was one incident in Postgraduate, where active students asked for additional learning and they were willing to provide their own links. We are always associated with the name rewards; it cannot be denied. Each meeting must be prepared for payment. However, the most important thing is that there is continuous education for lecturers regarding the understanding of their duties. We have a taklim assembly Friday morning, recitation from 08-10 am. The policy is for all lecturers and employees to sit in the room following the recitation. No one was working at that time. In these activities we insert messages about our vision and mission. We continue to motivate and inflame sincere work and the power of Allah SWT. If in the future we get more budget, it is not impossible that it will affect the welfare of lecturers and employees as well.

Management and leadership are very important. We must have the tools to control. In this pandemic condition, students are also having a hard time, if they want to complain to whom? We try to balance the rights and obligations. That’s what we do every week, by spiritually motivating lecturers and students. We prioritize mutual cooperation, harmony, good cooperation, then we will be blessed and blessed by Allah SWT.

Komunita: What are the benefits of government policies related to relaxation and funding for higher education?

Dr. H. Asep Effendi: If we talk about private sector, we still depend on tuition fees. But let’s see that the adequacy of the funding figure is far from the quality standard (excluding the quality of BAN PT), because it is a down grade. To reduce this gap, university leaders and foundations must work hard. How to keep learning quality with the finances we have? PTS is looking for students, raising money, managing, teaching, with the same quality as the country. This is not light work. That’s why the leaders of PTS are great people. As long as his leadership is guaranteed sustainability, quality is focused.

We hope that there will no longer be such higher education (PTN – PTS) dichotomy. The law on teachers and lecturers is the same, the certification of lecturers is the same, the required educational standards are the same. The difference is that it was established by the government and the private sector. Why is the priority scale for PTN? We don’t have any competition at PTN. Should the facilities be like PTN? Buildings are given by the government; salaries are also from the government. Why are PTN and PTS always different, with the current atmosphere, everyone is experiencing a pandemic. Universities have their own homework; the target is the same. This country must be supported by the same quality human resources. PTS are given the opportunity to expand their business and so on, what all private universities cannot do. So there are 3 segments of higher education: 1) official higher education, 2) corporate backed up higher education, 3) Independent higher education.

We ourselves set up business units to support and maximize the tuition fee efforts. It should be more focused on government policies on governance that are adopted equally, so here there is a disbursement of funds that must go to private universities. Because PTS also have to live. How can accreditation be good (score 9) if the capital is not enough. In college governance, we still consider that the pandemic is our stepping stone. But here there is hard work on how to cultivate the existing potential, the existing advantages, in order to be competitive.

Komunita: What is your commitment, hope and message to all?

Dr. H. Asep Effendi: Our commitment is not to complain about the existing conditions (complaining has no value). Our hope is not to think about when it will be finished, but to think about what to do. Our recipes are productive, innovative, creative. An internal message for us, this pandemic is a test from Allah SWT for us to come to be winners. There is a slogan for us, we are not followers, but the Winners. That’s what I keep emphasizing. For PT’s friends, we have a big homework to do, graduate quality students as future generations of the nation and produce the best graduates. For the State, from now on, the position of PTN and PTS is equal, both in the corridor of assistance and policies. We are all obedient and submissive to the State, it’s just a matter of how the facilities obtained by PTS to produce quality human resources are commensurate with PTN. There is no dichotomy between PTN and PTS because everything has been equated in laws, rules and other provisions. (Rewrite & Interview: Lili Irahali; Audio to Transcript: Intan Liswandini)

Dr. Cahyat Rohyana, SE., MM.

Chairman of the Bhakti Pos Indonesia Education Foundation (YPBPI)

Komunita: The problem with higher education is quality. It’s been more than 1.5 years since a pandemic has forced online learning. How to respond it?

Dr. Cahyat Rohyana, S.E., M.M: The pandemic has taken us by surprise. Anyone does not deny that the pandemic is a visible challenge that touches all aspects of education.

The Bhakti Pos Indonesia Foundation organizes two educational institutions. The Indonesian Logistics College is more academic, and another Pos Indonesia Polytechnic was established in 2009. Meanwhile, the Indonesian Logistics College is only 6 years old. Our students come from many regions throughout Indonesia. This pandemic forces them to return to their respective areas, but have to go to college and continue to study.

Alhamdulillah, our infrastructure with IT support helps online teaching and learning activities, even though we make learning programs that are certainly different. Many of our students come from the area and return to their area. One of the obstacles is the internet network which is of poor quality, not the same in every region. Also power outages in the area, and other technical matters. The other side is internet quota. Not all students have enough quota and can afford to buy the quota. The quota assistance from the Ministry is sufficient to help students study online or continue their studies.

We always think creatively and never give up, while increasing our immunity as an institution. Three things to pay attention to: First, continuing to study is a formidable challenge. Several layers of the family are usually normal economic conditions, now there are many declines. The dilemma between maintaining health protocols and maintaining life. Second, the ability of educational resources to decline is affected. SPP is one of the problems? We do relaxation for SPP obligations. Third, the quality of learning. How to guarantee the quality of offline or offline compared to online or online remains the same? We as the organizing body are always proactive in managing education, Poltekpos and Stimlog during this pandemic.

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Dr. Ir. Agus Purnomo, M.T –

Director of the Indonesian Postal Polytechnic: Pandemic period that pays the most attention to changes in learning culture. Get used to face-to-face to be brave with an unplanned system due to the Covid-19 disaster. We try to synchronize between face-to-face and virtual.

Institutionally, learning management has become a digital application. The problem is that students have not been able to follow 100%, because there are areas that are not covered by the signal. Then the issue of quotas or assistance from the Ministry. Initially we used WA groups. After subsidizing the quota, the learning process uses Zoom meetings. However, students have not been able to follow 100%. Then we develop other relevant lessons, connecting Youtube with cross-interest material through webinars or virtual learning. Furthermore, the materials are stored in Google Meet, Google DOC and Google classroom. Through these learning models we assign assignments and educate students. These efforts support learning to be carried out anytime, anywhere. Students do not have to come directly to campus. Face-to-face is done when practicum in the laboratory such as cutting wires, cutting metal or scissors. However, we carry out offline learning in the form of hybrid learning, such as work practices, projects, and internships. Those are the challenges that we feel, as well as to promote independent learning campuses.

We are in this pandemic condition; it does not reduce the quality of learning materials received by students like the previous model. In understanding the content, as well as encouraging them to continue to believe in the bold model, it does not reduce the quality of incomplete scholars. Without reducing the competence of each student in accordance with the competence of the study program. Even the advantages of online learning are group assignments where the group prepares to study independently. Independent study according to the given lesson plan. Each student has the task of recording assignments from various sources into short videos uploaded on Youtube. They are more creative and don’t know how to open the internet. Learning also increases the competence of digital media. I think this will be an educational model for the future of hybrid learning. Online contains a lot of material that can increase their knowledge from various sources and countries.

Positive thing, online learning builds independent and more competent students. This actually adds softskills to the world of work. We affirm that the pandemic positively certainly makes the education process quality. That is an innovation effort in responding to the relevance of the world of education during the pandemic

Rachmawati Wangsaputra, Ph.D., – Head of STIMLOG: The pandemic does have an impact on degradation but also opportunities for change. At first we were surprised. However, after starting, the lecturer adapts to improve the quality of soft skills, which even exceeds expectations. For example, trained to learn efficiently and effectively. But to be honest, because it’s so easy to have a meeting in just 2 minutes, we can change the meeting without going to the place. Immediately change some habits, such as checking the final project first, it must be hardcopy and continuous, there is a common thread, and it must be able to do it by email and by whatsapp as well as by telegram.

Indeed, face-to-face with virtual face-to-face is very different because something is missing, such as direct education of students’ morals. Disciplined, undisciplined, or not late or on time. It must be adapted to the online learning model. For example, if it is more than 9 o’clock, you are not allowed to take lessons. It used to be difficult to use softcopy, now I’m used to it. Finally found the forms or syllabus of the material such as links to learning resources and others. In class students become more active and it turns out that they learn better too. With online lecturers happy, it turns out that there are so many things that can be used to improve student skills. However, one thing that must be learned continuously is how to educate students’ honesty through online learning models. I notice students who are sleepy or interested. As lecturers, how can they be active in class even though they are online. Now it’s starting to decrease and from the challenge side again, collaboration is the key.

We take advantage of collaboration, if the class has collaboration, it must attract students. Take advantage of collaboration with other alliances or LSPs. The point is to give the best for students. We plan for hybrid learning, but the efficient and effective conditions must be maintained and efficiency must be achieved. Before the lesson we had prepared and actually did it. Very much take advantage of resources in cyberspace that enrich learning.

Komunita: Is the pandemic a new equilibrium for universities?

Dr. Cahyat Rohyana, S.E., M.M: I emphatically say yes. Nations that are more organized or developed countries are already like that, one step or two ahead of us. There are several professions and jobs missing. The pandemic must be addressed. The keyword is “shifting behavior”. The pandemic is not a barrier, but the “opportunity” and momentum to foster initiatives that are able to solve various problems in this time of crisis. So, of course, encouraging higher education institutions to be innovative in the creative, flexible and tenacious learning process, by utilizing knowledge and technology as “enablers” and “transformers”, without reducing the quality of learning and the quality of graduates that we carry together. Because, the end of education still has to produce human resources / graduate students who are able to continue to develop in line with the dynamics of the business and industrial world facing Industry 4.0.

Although there are weaknesses here and there will be a new learning model in the future. During a pandemic, maybe a new digitalization process like this? There are many positive things that can be developed in order to create a learning model that can certainly answer the next century, strengthened by digital technology and other technologies. This means that we, both public and private universities, can still demonstrate the quality of the implementation and management of good learning.

Komunita The pandemic has an impact on “loss generation”, and a demographic bonus? Can PTS synergy help?

Dr. Cahyat Rohyana, S.E., M.M: What I mean by lost generation is that the Indonesian nation is unable to compete with other nations. Wouldn’t there be a lost generation like that? Our nation is a nation that is tough and capable of fighting, adapting to new gadgets and habits. Several things have been done in the world of education, such as the government helping the needs of the community, also in terms of technology, infrastructures are starting to be good, as well as great young entrepreneurs who must be able to eliminate the stigma of the lost generation.

Now the government encourages college students to study at other public or private universities or vice versa. This is one of the Ministry’s efforts to encourage synergy between the organizing body or universities so that we can send students to each other. Maybe there is learning atmosphere, there is learning biology or geography. This is one of the learning models. We really have to develop students’ multidisciplinary mastery in improving future solutions. It is not enough that logistics science invites logistics science, it could be with other sciences. It is better to work together to collaborate on curriculum adjustments. For example, Pos Indonesia Polytechnic studied at Widyatama for accounting and management.

The hallmark of our education is supply chain management. However, we are thinking about other factors, what the future should look like from the economic, political and social aspects. Do not let existing products become obsolete. We do a review of what digitization is headed for. Underlining the message of the President Director of Pos Indonesia (Persero) – Faizal Rochmad Djoemadi, that digital transformation is mandatory. Presence is changed to digitization for employees. Likewise, learning is done online, which we check online.

Another program that we do is post learning course. Pos Indonesia has branches throughout Indonesia, students can do internships in companies that collaborate with Pos Indonesia Polytechnics throughout Indonesia and be credited for lectures. We need to synergize to form alliances in order to improve student competencies so that the demographic bonus becomes a reality as expected in the economic field, social order or the world of work. The point is that we must remain optimistic. It is our obligation to answer all challenges in order to educate students to compete in the world of work, even from abroad or within the country. Once again this is our obligation as education providers and educators.

Komunita: How is the Pos Indonesia Polytechnic learning model developed, so that the competencies of students or graduates link & match with the industrial and business world.

Dr. Cahyat Rohyana, S.E., M.M: Like in Japan, there are times when a CEO or director becomes the Chancellor of a university or a Chancellor or dean becomes the CEO of a large company. This means that he can theory as well as practice. We encourage the strengthening of skills or skills. Vocational depends on the level of education of students, skills can support or balance. Say students are equipped with business ethics, soft skills are needed to strengthen students to enter the workplace. High GPA but does not guarantee use in the workplace. For those who are academically directed to be managerial. For example, if you are a leader in a company, you must know the technical and corporate knowledge. In terms of knowledge, there must be, regarding the effectiveness of the learning model, we communicate with users in the world of work. We discussed with other corporate associations who became users. What are our students lacking? What guidance do you need going forward? Guidance from the industry itself, from universities, and others. We try to do everything completely.

Komunita: Hopes and messages to fellow colleagues, government and universities.

Dr. Cahyat Rohyana, S.E., M.M: We are faced with a condition of Adaptation to New Habits, and thank God the world of education has passed the transition period. Message for education staff and others with Adaptation of New Habits, Industry 4.0 and us becoming immigrants in the millennial world. Whatever student activities and institutional development, millennials are still the hosts. Not following along but with the right reasons and research. The key word is let’s adapt wisely and wisely.

For the government, we welcome the government’s efforts to maintain the quality of education by providing relaxation and prudence in responding to field conditions. Another hope is that the government will continue to monitor what is needed, such as internet quotas, network availability so that virtual contact runs well. Also clarity about link and match needs to be realized further. So our preparation is more stable and more confident to apply it. Education is a mandate that becomes the practice of jariyah. If we work together as social developers who contribute in the field of higher education and educate the nation’s children. The next step is to complement each other between universities in implementing independent campuses, independent learning.

The pandemic period has encouraged us to find positive things that we can develop in order to continue to improve the quality and governance of education with effective and efficient productive learning methods. So that it continues to produce a good educational process, producing outstanding graduates for Indonesia (Rewrite & Interview: Lili Irahali; Audio to Transcript: Yanda Ramadana)

Dr. H. Sugiyanto, M.Sc.

Vice Rector for Student and Alumni Academic Affairs – IKOPIN

Komunita: Facing the Covid-19 Pandemic which has almost 2 years of problematic PTS – which relies on self-financing and the number of students – what is it like?

Dr. Sugiyanto, M.Sc.: We were shocked by the circumstances at the start of the Pandemic. We utilize impromptu information technology to prepare online lectures, then prepare a blended learning system. We are working with UT and IBM to find an effective learning system.

During the Covid-19 Pandemic, which was limited by the first health protocol, we couldn’t help but put all learning and administration online using existing technology. At first, using Zoom Meeting which lasted only 40 minutes, the problem was extraordinary. Second, our readiness from the Institute side and the student side is related to the availability of networks and internet quotas that are burdensome for students. In terms of the Institute, we have to increase investment in online technology, but it is outside our RKA budget. Then from the lecturer’s readiness side, the lecturer was surprised by this application. Online learning materials must be prepared and delivered in a different way, because at that time they used materials for face-to-face classes. The obstacles are extraordinary. Lecturers get bored quickly while students become unenthusiastic.

Another problem, of course, is the economic side, many parents of students may be lacking in material terms, and their income is reduced. Consequences on SPP. We experienced nearly 400 students complaining. We take certain actions and policies that are very problematic at the beginning.

Komunita: What are the facts about the new adaptation related to infrastructure, readiness of lecturers and student readiness and relaxation of the financial side?

Dr. Sugiyanto, M.Sc.: First, regarding the quota at that time, we adopted a subsidy policy with a different amount each month per undergraduate and postgraduate student, then related to tuition fees, following the abilities of their parents. In infrastructure we invest in many things such as servers, create our own LMS. With the permission of the Rector, we made the decision that LMS must be created by ourselves. Alhamdulillah it went well and the consequences were good. If we are challenged by blended learning and online, why not dare. Efficiency occurs here and there and is offset by the cost of this fairly routine server, and a fairly large zoom connection rental. In that regard, we hold training for lecturers and employees here. As a result, we were able to connect with SPADA set by DIKTI, and the data that had to be uploaded to the DIKTI page was made easier. Including SPMI, we use LMS to evaluate several activities, especially those related to the teaching and learning process. Our efforts to improve this situation are first, so as not to be

Komunita: What extent do lecturers master the content with a learning model using technology, and it is easily absorbed by students?

Dr. Sugiyanto, M.Sc.: We encourage lecturers to prepare themselves so that their teaching and learning methods are adapted to the online system. We are strict on the use of RPS (study lesson plans) and always refer to RPS. Then we encourage lecturers to teach more creatively. Indeed, through this model, several students with the same answer were found. Regarding the material, using materials from the media, which can be on YouTube, papers and journals, our students direct them there. It is even used as a student assignment for a summary and the link must be included. These are efforts to provide reinforcement for learning.

Komunita: Can the current learning model encourage student independence to be stronger, including character development?

Dr. Sugiyanto, M.Sc.: This is a tough job. The use of technology with a relatively new learning system, as well as learning conditions must be online, due to pandemic reasons, as well as affecting economic conditions, of course, caused a lot of complaints. However, we still encourage students to study independently. Part of the character of today’s students, the term is struggle. This is indeed not easy with the old way of communication.

Our steps at the beginning of the lecture are always to awaken and invite all lecturers, so that in terms of teaching, it is not just conveying material. Likewise, in conditions like this, we have to make students aware that they will get optimal benefits if we understand properly using information technology, but with one condition, namely honesty. Sample exams (UAS) must be carried out to educate students to be honest by maximizing the online system as well as learning independence for students. This we are trying. For the formation of student character, we develop cooperative values ​​and principles for students. Studying at IKOPIN cooperative values ​​are the values ​​of togetherness, honesty, self-help, empathy for the community. This is what we always tell students.

Komunita: Is there a change in the assessment method, which in principle has the same value, and the objectivity of quality learning outcomes?

Dr. Sugiyanto, M.Sc.: Indeed, we don’t just rely on exams, usually the exams are the same thing, students may also be able to work together, especially those who are close. But we can’t guess like that. Then the proportions of the assessment must be clear. For example, 30% UTS exams, 40% UAS exams, of which 30% are assignments, maybe we should change this proportion. Assignments must be added and included in the LMS assignment, and the value is considered, so they are accustomed to writing and including references and bibliography as assigned assignments. That’s what we have to build. Including students who are writing a thesis or final project. Whether for undergraduate and postgraduate students including D3 starting last year with the pandemic condition, we also use similarity. It is learning for students, utilizing data with secondary data and writing must be written by yourself. That’s our effort to respond to the impact of the pandemic.

Komunita: Is there any change in the composition of lecture attendance?

Dr. Sugiyanto, M.Sc.: We keep adjusting at least 80%. We see from the results of the SPMI report, it turns out that the attendance of our students has increased higher, including the presence of lecturers is also higher. It turns out that in this condition it is more effective, maybe because it is at home. This is the positive impact. Especially for guidance, lecturers must find the right method for students. Because digital models via zoom meeting were not effective. We have prepared a zoom for each lecturer, and it turns out that lecturers must have other alternatives, so that the final project guidance is more effective. It is true that the lecturer should provide more time for this guidance.

Komunita: The undergraduate level must have a strong theoretical foundation, if Master is more Applied, this will certainly affect the online learning model.

Dr. Sugiyanto, M.Sc.: In fact, the proportion that is practical in this condition does seem to be slightly reduced, especially for undergraduates who have to understand theory, that concept is a must. Because of this condition, we emphasize to lecturers to divide the proportion of lecture time. If it’s 3 credits, it’s extraordinarily boring. For example, the first half hour is to deepen the theory and concepts, then the rest are specific cases and when it is enough we will show you the journals to strengthen the theory. Likewise, Master students are also strengthened with the same thing and are more practical. We also prepare such as writing cases/case studies. Keep our theory conveyed and prepare ourselves to think logically, look for problems and solve problems.

Komunita: What extent has the impact of this pandemic degraded the learning process and stigmatized graduates?

Dr. Sugiyanto, M.Sc.: In order to avoid the term degradation and stigma of LC (Covid Graduates) or Covid pandemic alumni. Of course we have to think together. However, I remain optimistic as long as all parties have the same commitment, so from the beginning we build and agree on the lecturer’s commitment to continue teaching to his students optimally, and we also realize that students do not have to study in class, this must be true. -really works. There must be a commitment from the two parties above to the learning outcomes. This has to happen and I’m sure there won’t be a relegation term, in fact I catch the opposite. Why? Initially they were not ready to go online, now students and lecturers are required to be literate in this online technology, young and old alike, must take advantage of this LMS from a to z, grades must be included, corrections must also be included. This will become habitual habit and students will no longer be ignorant and others. If from the material side, there are many things that are not conveyed, maybe because of boredom or something else. But if the RPS is clear, the target is clear, every meeting is clear, I’m sure it won’t be relegated for that. Plus, the commitment of lecturers, students and parents also play a role in it.

Unless one of the above is not committed, it may be relegated. Students sometimes online zoom is not visible / off camera; this is what we usually admonish the students one by one. I hope that online learning students can be seen by their parents. I am currently proposing SPMI to study at home, which involves parental control. According to parents, what kind of children are judged to learn and approximately there are parents who follow their children to learn.

Komunita: What is your perspective on graduates during the Pandemic?

Dr. Sugiyanto, M.Sc.: Revolution 4.0, among others, requires graduates to master information technology, better communication, and collaboration skills. Therefore, there are several things during this pandemic that encourage us to be more confident that online learning in this pandemic condition encourages children to master information technology. Because they are used to it, who initially did not prepare a laptop, now prepare. If you only rely on smartphones, it turns out that during the exam many people complain. At least have a laptop to be a handle for each other’s learning. Then we balance it by having a Certificate of Companion Diploma (SKPI) which they followed before graduating. For example, TOEFL, pass international certificates, Accurate Certificates and Taxes, etc. At least the supporting certificates such as PKM and Student Creativity Program, and others. We are optimistic as long as we are consistent.

Komunita: In 2030-2045 we face a demographic bonus, where there are more higher education, will the pandemic condition not turn into a demographic disaster?

Dr. Sugiyanto, M.Sc.: One of them we prepare it. Therefore, we are preparing other things, such as the government’s appeal, that the graduates approach towards entrepreneurship. The vision and mission of the IKOPIN Foundation were adjusted and others, including the university statutes, were also changed. We hope to get permission to become a University. The existing study programs are Social Sciences, but it must also be approached with technology science, data must be assessed and we use it. Likewise, intelligent knowledge must be utilized. This is a great investment for our institution. We have prepared graduates who are able to solve social problems with technology, knowledge and also a business approach. That should be done because that is where we can actually accommodate workers, seek added value, prosper the community, by providing goods and services, input and output can rotate. We assure all parties, especially lecturers and students. In time, hopefully there will be no lost generation, a demographic disaster.

Komunita: From your description above, it seems that the pandemic has accelerated the new balance of higher education, is that true?

Dr. Sugiyanto, M.Sc.: It’s true that the current conditions can be an interesting consideration. We need to find this balance, so the effort must have commitment from all parties, we must change. From all sides, the perception is equal so that each party has the same understanding, the management (foundation), lecturers, students and alumni. Curriculum improvements, changes in the vision and mission of the institution also invite alumni, and the government to provide input to our educational institutions. And we hope that the government has a stronger commitment, such as the Ministry of Education and Culture, as well as the Ministry of Cooperatives and SMEs, especially policies in developing cooperatives, must be a concern.

Such as the people’s economy and the small and medium economy need to be considered and brought forward again. Like the cattle breeders in Lembang or in Pangalengan, they can last for decades because of the cooperation. Then from the MBKM side (Development of the Independent Learning Curriculum-Independent Campus), we as PTS have started. Academic implementation of MBKM must run, and the steps that have been taken are to change the curriculum that is already running and has been communicated to all study programs. MBKM learning has been implemented in our universities. In fact, there have been many collaborations with cooperatives, both small and large. Also many cooperatives come to campus to ask for guidance. Field Practice courses are applied, identical to KKN when in other campuses. Our field practice in the Cooperative has only been for 2 months, and only 2 credits. With the development of the Merdeka Learning-Independence Campus curriculum, we applied it to 20 credits for Field Practice, with a change of name to Internship or Job Training. We also have a Business Incubator Center; we direct these entrepreneurship students there. If the Entrepreneurship Practice runs for 1 semester, it can become 20 credits (equivalent to 1 semester), then through cooperative practice, students must become members of the cooperative or cooperative management. This will bring up a new entrepreneurial and entrepreneurial spirit. This is the new balance we are aiming for.

Komunita: How is the relaxation policy during the pandemic given by the government?

Dr. Sugiyanto, M.Sc.: This is interesting sir, we thank the government. At the beginning of the pandemic, the government had helped student, lecturer study quotas and added KIP (Bidik Misi). Indeed, at the beginning of the pandemic, students had difficulty with Internet quotas and we had to cover the cost even though it was not enough. We hope that the next recipient of this assistance should not only be students. But PTS itself as the culprit should also be taken into account.

PTS organizes education means helping government programs. Higher education is mostly private, comes from public funds to organize it. The Government should also provide Education Assistance funds such as (BOS). However, what is given is actually things that make it difficult, for example for grants, research funds, because the private sector accreditation requirements are quite heavy. This should be obtained through the mechanism of the coach. We don’t demand more. For example, so that private universities are treated the same and it is easier to pursue achievements, it is enough to look at the number of lecturers. For example, 10 teams of lecturers get research to improve PTS performance. In fact, the government regulations are very high. PTS are prosecuted with burdensome rules from the government, while there is no financial support for the PTS. We really feel that sometimes we follow the rules, but suddenly they want to change again. This becomes an obstacle for PTS. We believe the accreditation requirements will lead to MBKM. Whereas MBKM also requires a special thought and cost, planning. We prepare special management to handle this.

Komunita: Hopes and Messages as the manager of Higher Education to the Organizing Committee, the Government of fellow PTS, as well as Lecturers and Students.

Dr. Sugiyanto, M.Sc.: It is hoped that optimal learning, learning outcomes and graduates will have maximum competence. This can be achieved with a shared commitment, namely us as administrators, lecturers, students and parents of students. We often discuss with the Organizing Body, so that there is a higher synergy regarding the management of higher education. To the Government, we expect fair treatment for PTS. Between the PTS classes that are the reference, it may need a certain tolerance, such as in research and grants. This means that PTS are given the opportunity first. Also, government policies should not change too quickly, we are having a hard time keeping up with them. For example, the same treatment between PTN and PTS.

Then fellow universities strengthen cooperation. For the Independent Learning Program, PTS cooperates with each other, including research, community service. We ourselves have collaborated with IPMI Jakarta, a management school that specializes in large capital companies, but the courses that are practiced to balance the competence of students, they do an internship in the Cooperative for up to 6 months. We also visited Widyatama to study accounting. This collaboration among universities must continue to be developed, such as joint research and CSR.

To parents of students in pandemic conditions like this, parental assistance is very valuable, especially to supervise their sons studying at home. Parents must understand their son’s class schedule, so that they can help remind them of lectures. For lecturers and students, we hope to be fully aware of this noble task, as a charity of worship. We emphasize that this practice is a shared commitment for students. For students, we give confidence that students will become leaders who need to prepare themselves, and show achievements. (Rewrite & Interview: Lili Irahali; Audio to Transcript: Yanda Ramadana)